SIOP
Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol
Key Components
Teaching Language and Content Effectively

Component One – Lesson Preparation
1. Lesson Objectives clearly defined
2. Language Objectives clearly defined
3. Choose concepts appropriate for age a “fit” of educational background
4. Use supplementary materials to make lessons clear and meaningful
5. Adapt content to all levels of student proficiency
6. Provide meaningful and authentic activities

Component Two -- Building Background
7. Link concepts to background experiences
8. Make explicit links between past learning and new concepts
9. Emphasize key vocabulary – introduce, write, repeat and highlight

Component Three – Comprehensible Input
10. Speak appropriately to accommodate proficiency levels
11. Clearly explain academic tasks
12. use a variety of techniques to make concepts clear (modeling, hand-son, visuals, etc)

Component Four – Strategies
13. Provide ample opportunities for students to use learning strategies (GIST, SQP3R.
Reciprocal teaching, mnemonics, 2 column notes, etc)
14. Use scaffolding techniques to assist and support student understanding (think alouds,
paraphrasing, partnering, etc)
15. Use a variety of questions or tasks that promote Higher Order Thinking (Bloom’s
Taxonomy)
Component Five – Interaction
16. Provide frequent opportunities for interaction and discussion
17. Group students to support language and content objectives
18. Consistently provide ample wait time
19. Give opportunities to clarify key concepts in the native language

Component Six -- Practice/Application
20. Supply hands-on materials or manipulatives to practice new content
21. Provide activities for students to apply content and language knowledge
22. Integrate all language skills into each lesson (listening, speaking, reading, writing)

Component Seven – Lesson Delivery
23. Clearly support content objectives
24. Clearly support language objectives
25. Engage students 90%-100% of the time
26. Appropriately pace the lesson to student ability levels

Component Eight – Review/ Assessment
27. Provide comprehensive review of key vocabulary
28. Supply comprehensive review of key content concepts
29. Regularly give feedback to students on their output
30. Conduct assessment of student comprehension and learning of all lesson objectives throughout the lesson (“Assessment FOR Learning”)


Source: taken from “Making content comprehensible for ELLs”,Echevarria, Vogt, Short, 3rd Edition 2008